How to Treat Hyper-Pigmentation

Skin color is influenced by a personís genetics as well as their environment. It is determined by the amount of pigment or melanin that is produced in the skin. The pigmentation of the skin is natureís way of protecting the skin from the sunís ultraviolet rays. But the recent rise of global warming brings with it an even greater risk of skin damage from overexposure to the sun. One common condition of sun overexposure is hyper-pigmentation, where patches of your skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. The condition is usually found on the hands, face or other areas frequently exposed to the sun.




  The darkened spots occur when excess melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, absorbs the energy of the sunís harmful ultraviolet rays to protect the skin from burn or overexposure and forms deposits in the skin. Hyper-pigmentation can affect the skin color of any ethnicity, but some forms are more prone to affect people with darker skin tones. If you do not take care of your skin, you run the risk of developing long-term effects that can be permanent, if not treated correctly.

Common causes of hyper-pigmentation include sunspots, freckles, and melasma.

Melasma is a common condition seen in women related to hormones and sun exposure. This condition is increased during pregnancy, menopause, and with use of oral contraceptives. Even brief exposures without sunscreen can cause dramatic changes in skin pigmentation. Generally, the pigmentation will wash out over a yearís time, if you do not actively treat it first.

  Sunspots, medically called lentigos, are also a product of the sun. Sunspots are caused by cumulative exposure and not directly related to sunburns. The most common areas involved are the face, neck, upper chest and arms.

Freckles develop with fair-skinned individuals who are overexposed to the sun. This is a skin defense mechanism against harmful ultraviolet rays. Freckles can fade out over time when the skin is constantly protected, but tend to have a long standing residence time, tend to remain benign. However, they are in the skin susceptible groups and should be monitored closely. Many people tend to take no chances with moles and freckles of uneven dimensions and have them removed.

The first step in fighting hyper-pigmentation is prevention. Applying a broad spectrum sunscreen at least thirty minutes before sun exposure is a must. A single day of overexposure or excess sun can eliminate months of treatment anyone has done to treat their hyper-pigmentation.

  Hyper-pigmentation can attack the skin at two different levels: the dermis and the epidermis. Approximately 40% of the pigmentation excess will be located in the epidermis, and relatively treatable. If pigmentation comes on relatively fast, but is long standing, the problem is most likely deep in the dermis and much more difficult to treat.

Most cases of hyper-pigmentation are treatable through faczial treatments and peelings that specifically target an individualís condition.

The collection of special masks, peelings and creams work by sloughing off the top layer of cells to reveal new, healthy cells.

The most potent treatment regime available you will find in our salon and spa. We offer some of the most potent hyper-pigmentation and anti-aging skin products available on the market. Remember! The future of your beautiful skin is at Githa's Salon & Spa in Sanur.


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